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Nařízení o evropském přístupu k umělé inteligenci

Nařízení o evropském přístupu k umělé inteligenci

 

Evropská komise připravila v návaznosti na své předchozí dokumenty nový návrh nařízení “Regulation on european approach for artificial intelligence”.

 

Toto nařízení mj. zcela zakáže některá invazivní užití AI (vyjma některých užití ze strany státu):

 

AI systems designed or used in a manner that manipulates human behaviour …….. to their detriment.

AI systems that exploits information or prediction about a person or group of persons in order to target their vulnerabilities or special circumstances ……. to their detriment.

AI systems used for indiscriminate surveillance applied in a generalised manner to all natural persons without differentiation.

AI systems used for general purpose social scoring of natural persons, including online.

 

Finální návrh nařízení chce Evropská komise zveřejnit 21. dubna 2021.

 

Více k tématu se lze dočíst například v dnes publikovaném článku v časopise Politiko zde

nebo můžeme doporučit například technologický pohled na tuto problematiku v článku publikovaném na webu Techcrunch zde

 

The European Union wants to avoid the worst of what artificial intelligence can do — think creepy facial recognition tech and many, many Black Mirror episodes — while still trying to boost its potential for the economy in general.

 

According to a draft of its upcoming rules, obtained by POLITICO, the European Commission would ban certain uses of “high-risk” artificial intelligence systems altogether, and limit others from entering the bloc if they don’t meet its standards. Companies that don’t comply could be fined up to €20 million or 4 percent of their turnover.

 

The rules are the first of their kind to regulate artificial intelligence, and the EU is keen to highlight its unique approach. It doesn’t want to leave powerful tech companies to their own devices like in the U.S., nor does it want to go by the way of China in harnessing the tech to fashion a surveillance state. Instead, the bloc says it wants a “human-centric” approach that both boosts the tech, but also keeps it from threatening its strict privacy laws.

 

That means AI systems that streamline manufacturing, model climate change, or make the energy grid more efficient would be welcome. But many technologies currently in use in Europe today, such as algorithms used to scan CVs, make creditworthiness assessments, hand out social security benefits or asylum and visa applications, or help judges make decisions, would be labeled as “high risk,” and would be subject to extra scrutiny.

 

 

Plné znění článku je k dispozici jako součást předplatného POLITICO PRO.

Článek publikovaný na www. techcrunch.com je k dispozici bez předplatného a zdarma.